Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan

Introduction

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan has the overall goals such as universal access and retention, bridging of gender and social category gaps in education and enhancement of learning levels of children. SSA provides for a variety of interventions such as opening of new schools and alternate schooling facilities, construction of schools and additional classrooms, toilets and drinking water, provisioning for teachers, periodic teacher training and academic resource support, text books and support for learning achievement. SSA Through its block resource centers (BRCs) has been doing a predominant roll of monitoring and guiding with parental care in imparting and achieving universal elementary education and improving the quality from year to year.

SSA has been rendering its service in all the districts through specially appointed personals. The district Collector is the chairperson of the scheme and the Chief Educational Officer is the head of academic administration. Besides, an Assistant project Officer, Statistical Officer, Block Resource Teacher Educators, special teachers to train Children with Special Need (CWSN) Physiotherapists, Civil Engineers, Data Entry Operators and accountants are working at Block Level and district level as well.

Activities

School Details

Sl.No School Category Govt. and PU.Schools Govt Aided School Municipal School ADW School Total Pvt.Unaided School Matriculation School Unrecognized School CBSE School Total Grand Total
1 Primary Schools 1030 58 9 11 1108 174 5 179 1287
2 Middle Schools 283 24 9 2 318 7 1 8 326
3 High Schools 105 13 3 2 123 7 31 5 43 166
4 Hr.Sec.Schools 102 17 1 120 4 43 4 51 171
Total 1520 112 21 16 1669 185 81 5 10 281 1950

BRC Level Training for Teachers

Year No.of BRCs No.of Days Training given Sanctioned Amount (in Lakhs) No.of days teachers attended the training Amount spent (in lakhs) Amount to be spent (in lakhs)
2016-17 13 54234 72.92 50.574 49.03 0
2017-18 13 55203 95.13 40.100 36.24 58.89
Total 109437 168.05 90.674 85.27 58.89

20 days training from 05.03.2018 to 28.03.2018 for primary and upper primary level teachers is planned and an amount of Rs.58.59 lakhs has been in proposed to be given to the printers for journal entry.

There are 6278 teachers working in primary and upper primary level. A 20 days in service training is given to each and every teacher. The total number training days is being mentioned in the above table.

Civil works at schools

The proposed amount for the sanctioned civil works of toilets in the year 2016-17, is being received in the year 2017-18. All the 75 toilet works. have been completed. Besides, the classrooms with major repairs also renovated and drawn into use for the children.

Year Work Sanctioned Works Amount (in lakhs) per unit Total Amount(in Lakhs)
2016-2017 Boy’s Toilets 22 1.96 43.12
2016-2017 Girl’s Toilets 8 2.066 16.528
2016-2017 CWSN Toilets 45 0.88 39.6
2016-2017 Major repairs in class room 12 2.027 24.32
2017-2018 Major repairs in classroom 10 2.381 23.81

In 2017-18 51 Units of CWSN Toilet works are being constructed at the cost of Rs.44.88 lakhs.

Education for Out of School Children

Year Out of School Children Sanctioned Amount Beneficiary children Amount spent
2016-2017 689 44.43 689 44.43
2017-2018 730 46.31 730 46.31

Inclusive Education for CWSN

BRTEs and Special teachers take a survey in the months of April and May of every year to identify CWSN. The identified CWSN are admitted in either government schools, or special schools or in special training centers and proper care and training are being given to them. Through medical assessment camps and Chief Minister’sMedical Insurance Scheme, the CWSN are given required treatments and even surgical treatment also availed to needy children. Assistive devices are purchased from ALIMCO and supplied to the required CWSN.

Special teachers and physiotherapists are specially appointed to give proper trainings and therapeutically treatments to the CWSN and are paid Rs.16,000/- per month. Teachers and the parents of CWSN are also being trained to handle the children properly. World Disabled Day is being celebrated in the Ist week of December every year. Rs.300/- per child is being given as transport allowance.

Year No of CWSN Sanctioned Amount Beneficiary children Amount spent(lakhs)
2016-2017 4236 104.84758 4236 104.84758
2017-2018 4201 99.126 4201 99.126

School Maintenance Grant

School Maintenance Grant is given to all types of Government schools to maintain toilet cleanliness, repair drinking water facilities repair the damages in floorings if any, painting the school building and repair electrical connections. if any.

Year No of Schools Sanctioned Amount(in lakhs) School benefitted Amount spent(lakhs)
2016-2017 1550 115.6 1550 115.6
2017-2018 1550 116.1 1550 116.1

School Grant

All types of Government and Government aided schools are given school grant to buy necessary materials for ABL and ALM classrooms, paint black boards and low level black boards, buy or refill fire extinguishers and for classroom records objects.

Year No of Schools Sanctioned Amount(in lakhs) School benefitted Amount spent(lakhs)
2016-2017 1662 110.25 1662 110.25
2017-2018 1662 110.25 1662 110.25

Details of Sanctioned grants

Year Sanctioned Amount(in lakhs) Amount received Amount spent(lakhs) Percentage
2016-2017 9765.661 8762.971 8735.661 99
2017-2018 10338.017 3558.829 3537.929 99

Details of 25% reservation for admission for entry level children in private unaided schools

As per G.O. No.60, Department of School Education, dated 02.04.2013, non-minority private unaided schools provide 25% reservation for admission to the children at entry level classes.

Quality Development

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan has provided the basic infrastructure facilities for class one to class eight and also providing the following actions to improve educational skills of children.

  • Scholastic and Co-scholastic result of class 1 to 8 children in II term examination is uploaded school wise in online website. Continuous action plan are prepared on the basis of examination report and are going to be implemented.

  • Block Supervisors and BRTEs assess every child and evaluate their reading and writing skills in both Tamil and English and also in basic arithmetic skills. Slow learners are found and suggestion and guidance for special coaching to improve their level are given to the school teachers during school visit.

  • In 2017-2018, periodical assessment for class II to VIII was conducted in two phases. The phase I periodical assessment was conducted in July 2017 and August 2017 and phase II has been conducted in February 2018 and March 2018.

  • Results of phase I and phase II periodical assessments were compared and the schools which shown improvements were appreciated and other schools were given action plans to implement from June 2018 onwards.

  • Teaching skills of school teachers are assessed through PINDICS (Performance Indicators). Information about teachers, number of working days they attend, implementation of teaching techniques they learn from trainings, special skills of teachers, their planning regarding the achievement of children, additional knowledge regarding their school subjects, student-teacher relationship, relationship with their colleagues, relationship with their parents and society, innovative ideas they have and the researches done are assessed through PINDICS and the given options for their responses are

    1. do not achieve expected level
    2. near expected level
    3. achieved level
    4. achieved more than expected level

    The teachers are categorized through this self-assessment tool and necessary guidance is given.

  • A Block level committee meeting is being conducted in second and fourth weeks of every month. The findings of their school visits are discussed by the BRTEs with Block Supervisor and AEEOs. Special things and shortfalls are shared equally and team visits are planned to improve low performance schools.

  • Likewise District Level Committee meeting is being conducted in the 3rd week of every month which is headed by CEO. Supervisors and AEEOs from all the 13 blocks and district coordinators share their findings of school visits. Low performance schools are identified and team visits are arranged to improve the level of such schools.

  • In 2017-2018, NAS (National Achievement Survey) has been conducted by SCERT for class III, V and VIII in overall 165 schools. Pudukkottai district gets 48.33% achievement. The shortfalls are found and trainings on learning outcomes are given to teachers to rectify the shortfalls.

  • National Achievement Survey (NAS) Result
    Standard Tamil % Maths % EVS % Social Science
    III 57.7 56.2 63.28
    V 58.95 40.94 52.36
    VIII 58.84 32.39 35.01 31.78
    Average 48.33
  • A district level committee was formed with 25 members. While DEEO, DEOs, DIET Lecturers, APO, AEEOs, District Coordinators, Supervisors and BRTEs were the members, CEO became the head or chief for the committee. They conducted team visits in Manamelkudi, Karambakudi and Viralimalai blocks. Review meetings were followed and good things and shortfalls were discussed with the headmasters of the schools. A duration of 3 months was given to rectify the shortcomings.Thus the quality of education for class I to VIII children is ensured.

New Primary Schools

In Pudukkottai District new primary schools were started in three habitations in 2018-19.

Sl.No Block Name of Panchayat Name of Habitation
1 Kundrandarkoil Odukkur Kottapallam
2 Annavasal Thiruvengaivasal Uyyakkudippatti
3 Karambakudi Theethanipatti Murungaikollai